Cannabis terpenes, also known as isoprenoids, are the essential oils responsible for cannabis’s unique aromatic profile. Terpenes are composed of repeating units called isoprenes. In the cannabis plant, these essential oils ward off insect predators and protect them from environmental stresses. For humans, terpenes are proving to be robust therapeutic agents.
Features and benefits of terpenes: –
Terpenes are the fragrant oils that are secreted in cannabis trichomes which gives cannabis its distinct color and fragrances. They offer a wide range of medicinal benefits and each has its different qualities that contribute to the overall makeup of cannabis strains. There are over 100 terpenes that have been discovered.
The content in the strains are listed below:
- Pinene is responsible for the fresh pine smell that is associated with cannabis. Studies so far have shown that it has the following properties: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-proliferative, antiseptic, bronchodilator – which helps open airways. It may also help combat short-term memory impairment associated with THC. It is most commonly used for the treatment of pain, inflammation, asthma, anxiety ulcers, and even cancer.
- Limonene commonly reflects a fruity, citrus aroma. Studies have suggested that it has the following properties: antifungal properties, antibacterial properties and may help relieve gastric reflux and heartburn. It can even help improve the absorption of other terpenes and chemicals by the way of the skin, digestive tract, and mucous membranes. It is most often used for the treatment of anxiety, depression as it can elevate one’s mood and relieve stress. It is also helpful for combating pain, inflammation, and cancer.
- Myrcene portrays an earthy, herbal and musky aroma. Studies so far have suggested that this terpene has the following properties: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antibiotic, antimutagenic, and displays sedative effects. There are promising efforts for its anti-tumor effects, with therapeutic potential in cancer treatment. It is most often used for the treatment of chronic pain, inflammation, insomnia, chronic pain, and even works as an antioxidant.
- Ocimene is known to have a woody, herbal, yet sweet aroma. Its medicinal properties include anti-viral, anti-fungal, antiseptic, antibacterial, and decongestant. Research has shown promising efforts for its potential to suppress the production of several different inflammatory substances emitted by the immune system.
- Linalool can be found in lavender and is mildly psychoactive. It can often be associated with calming and anti-anxiety effects as it provides mood enhancement and can also act as a sedative.
Terpenes are the next generation for treatment in the field of medicines and methodology. One can try the various terpenes and help ease their various pain in the body.